forsida finalPAME's workshop - “Science and Tools for Developing Arctic Marine Protected Area (MPA) Networks: Understanding Connectivity and Identifying Management Models,” took place in Washington, DC from 22-23 September 2016.  The workshop is one in a series whose purpose is to support a PAME project studying best practices for linking area-based conservation measures to categories of Arctic marine biodiversity in support of the long-term conservation of the Arctic marine environment and associated services and cultural values.

The workshop included:
i) a discussion on species that highlight the importance of ecological connectivity in the Arctic marine environment, as well as possible approaches and methodologies for mapping selected elements of ecological connectivity for some of those species, and
ii)  a discussion on a draft list of types of area-based conservation measures that benefit different categories of Arctic biodiversity (i.e. the "toolbox").

Click here to download the workshop report.

Project Description
PAME’s Framework for a Pan-Arctic Marine Protected Areas Network document recognizes that individual Arctic countries pursue MPA development based on their own authorities and priorities, and that MPA networks can be comprised of "both MPAs and other area-based measures that contribute to network objectives”.

IMG 0507PAME’s “toolbox” project aims to develop guidance to assist countries in advancing MPA networks in the Arctic. The project will produce this guidance in the form of a catalogue of examples of diverse existing area-based measures, including different types of marine protected areas and of “other area-based conservation measures” that contribute to the long-term conservation of important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g. important species and habitats).

Over the course of the 2015-2017 work cycle, project leads are hosting two workshops. While the first workshop focused on toolbox development by identifying and mapping types of connectivity in the Arctic, the second will focus on connectivity and climate change. The toolbox is intended to be a living document that is built on and refined over time.

Workshop objectives:
  1. Develop our understanding of ecological connectivity for different marine taxa.
  2. Identify priorities for future scientific or other types of collaboration to enhance understanding of ecological connectivity in the Arctic.
  3. Based on input provided by Arctic States, share examples of different management tools used to manage categories of marine biodiversity (e.g. habitat, marine taxa).
  4. Identify priorities for expansion/refinement of “MPA Toolbox” to support Arctic states’ MPA network development.
  5. Identify potential next steps to advance understanding and management of MPA networks among Arctic Council Working Groups and other partners.

Name of presentation Presenter    Download   
Ecological connectivity --- Overview of techniques that have been used to map larval dispersal and its relevance to MPA design: modelling (optimal size and spacing), direct observation of larval dispersal, genetic measures of connectivity/isolation, considerations of climate change Mark Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Download
Physical connectivity – Issues and possible approaches to mapping physical and habitat connectivity in the Arctic. Overview of dynamics of water masses and ice movement Pat Halpin and Jesse Cleary (Duke University) Download 
Case study – Sweden’s experience mapping larval connectivity for MPA networks Jon Havenhand (University of Gothenburg)  Download
Approaches and considerations for understanding connectivity for marine mammals using various techniques Howard Rosenbaum (Wildlife Conservation Society)  Download
Mapping connectivity for cetaceans in the Alaskan Arctic – CetMap Janet Clarke (Leidos)  Download
Local community engagement in mapping and understanding marine mammal connectivity Willie Goodwin (Alaska Waterways Safety Commission)  Download
Overview of techniques: satellite telemetry, habitat modeling, others?, in the context of Important Bird Areas Grant Gilchrist (Environment Canada)  Download
Identifying Important Bird Areas and seabird connectivity in the Alaskan Arctic Melanie Smith (Alaska Audubon)  Download
Case study: Identifying candidate sites for an MPA network in the Russian Arctic: accounting for connectivity Irina Onufrenya (WWF Russia)  Download
The role of protected areas and other area---based conservation measures for marine conservation Dan Laffoley (IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas --- Marine)  Download
Elements of a representative and ecologically connected MPA network Mark Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Download
Understanding categories of Arctic biodiversity to be addressed by the MPA Toolkit (e.g. habitat, species groups) Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)  Download
Canada’s Approach to Marine Conservation Targets Bethany Schroeder (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)  Download
Arctic biodiversity monitoring: linkages to area---based conservation measures Tom Christensen (Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme)  Download
Pikialasorsuaq Commission Carolina Behe (Inuit Circumpolar Council)  Download
Examples of Arctic MPAs and “Other area---based conservation measures” in the marine environment (based on submissions by Arctic States to PAME) Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)  Download
Integration of Indigenous Knowledge and Values in the MPA Toolbox Willie Goodwin (Alaska Waterways Safety Commission)  Download
Towards a toolbox: deploying MPAs and other area---based measures to conserve important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)  Download

cover ea-conference final

This is a working area in preperation for the EA Conference in Fairbanks, Alaska in August 2016.


Preliminary draft program - June 10th 2016

Registrants - June 10th 2016

shutterstock 24751726PAME is co-organizing a conference on Arctic shipping with the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the World Maritime University (WMU). ShipArc will be held in Malmö, Sweden from the 25th to the 27th of August 2015.

“The conference will be a major event for PAME and the Arctic Council this year. Preparations begun last year and the schedule is very exciting,” Soffía Guðmundsdóttir, the executive secretary of PAME said.

ShipArc squareAmongst key speakers are leading scholars who have participated in PAME’s work. One of them is Dr. Lawson Brigham who was the co-editor of of the Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment (AMSA) and served as a vice chair of PAME from 2005-2009.

Another is David VanderZwaag, who co-leading the writing of the Governance of the Arctic Shipping chapter of the AMSA report. “We are thrilled to have such high-level participation from PAME and numerous of our experts will be attending as well. There should be dialogue among our leading people in Malmö,” Soffía said.

There are six themes to the conference. The Polar Code: Implementation & Compliance Assurance; Beyond the Polar Code; Arctic Governance; Sustainable Arctic Business Development; Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment; Training, Capacity-Building, Science & Research.

soffia“In our preparations we decided to focus on six themes for this conference. We could have chosen many others as the topic is broad, but we felt that these six themes are current and appropriate. The conference is title Safe and Sustainable shipping in a changing Arctic Environment and the scene is certainly under constant evolvement.”

“We have two themes that discuss the Polar Code which was recently adopted by the IMO. The Polar Code has been anticipated for some time and this will be the prefect venue to introduce it and discuss its role in Arctic shipping. IMO’s experts and others will present it and discussions on what happens next will take place.”

See the conference website for more information. Registration is ongoing and Malmö is only a 20-minute train ride from Copenhagen.

Meeting Reports        SAO Reports        Reports to Ministers
The PAME Working Group generally meets twice per year. Each meeting produces Records of Decisions which form the basis for the meeting reports. Click on titles to open PDF documents in a new window. The reports to the Senior Arctic Officials are generally short and concise overviews of the PAME working group proceeedings between SAO meetings. They give an update and overview on ongoing projects. SAO meetings are held regularly but progress reports are generally released once per year. The reports to the Ministes are releases from PAME on numerous subject the working group works towards. They range from progress reports to new reports and updates to others. They are releases every two years and put forward to ministers for approval as official Arctic Council reports.

PAME I: Quebec City (Canada)
PAME II: Vladivostok (Russia)

PAME I: Copenhagen (Denmark)
PAME II: Helsinki (Finland)

PAME I: Stockholm (Sweden)
PAME II: Portland, Maine (USA)

PAME I: Akureyri (Iceland) 
PAME II: Tromsö (Norway)

PAME I: Girdwood, Alaska (USA)
PAME II: Whitehorse (Canada)

PAME I: Rovaniemi (Finland)
PAME II: Rostov-on-Don (Russia) 

PAME I: Stockholm (Sweden)
PAME II: Halifax (Canada)

PAME I: Oslo (Norway)
PAME II: Reykjavík (Iceland)

PAME I: Copenhagen (Denmark)
PAME II: Washington D.C (USA)

PAME I: Oslo (Norway)

PAME I: St. Johns, Newfoundland (Canada)
PAME II: Helsinki (Finland)

PAME I: Copenhagen (Denmark)
PAME II: Reykjavík (Iceland)
RPA Workshop, Reykjavík (Iceland)

PAME I: Oslo (Norway)
PAME II: Murmansk (Russia)

PAME I: Copenhagen (Denmark)
PAME II: Aalborg (Denmark)

PAME I: Helsinki (Finland)
AMSP Meeting Report, Reykjavík (Iceland)

PAME I: Stockholm (Sweden)

PAME I: Reykjavík (Iceland)

PAME I: Washington D.C. (USA)
PAME II: Moscow (Russia)

PAME I: Copenhagen (Denmark)

PAME I: Ottawa (Canada)
PAME II: Akureyri (Iceland)

2015: Iqaluit (Canada)

2014: Yellowknife (Canada)
 - Progress report (Oct)

2013: Rostov-on-Don (Russia)
2010: Ilulissat (Greenland)

2009: Copenhagen (Denmark)
Other documents:
AMSA Follow up
AOR Project

2008: Kautokeino (Norway)
Other documents:
PAME Presentation to SAO's
Proposed AMSA Document and Process/Timeline to Ministerial 2009
Observed Best Practices Document

2008: Svolvær (Norway)
Other documents:
PAME Presentation to SAO´s
AMSA Presentation to SAO´s

2007: Narvik (Norway)
Other documents:
PAME Presentation to SAO´s 
AMSA Presentation to SAO´s 
AMSA Progress Report 
RPA Presentation to SAO´s 
RPA Progress Report 
Updated list of Projects and Activities 

2007: Tromsö (Norway)
Other documents:
PAME Presentation to SAO´s 
AMSA Presentation to SAO´s 

2006: Syktyvkar (Russia)
Other documents:
PAME Presentation to SAO´s

2005: Khanty-Mansvisk (Russia)
Other documents:
PAME Presentation to SAO´s 

2005: Yakutsk (Russia)

2004: Selfoss (Iceland)

2003: Reykjavík (Iceland)

2003: Svartsengi (Iceland)

2002: Oulu (Finland)

2001: Espoo (Finland)

2001: Rovaniemi, Finland

2000: Barrow (Alaska, USA)

2000: Fairbanks (Alaska, USA)

2017: 10th Arctic Council Ministerial meeting, Fairbanks, Alaska (USA)

Reports for approval:
Reports for information:

2015: 9th Arctic Council Ministerial meeting, Iqaluit (Canada)

2013: 8th Ministerial meeting, Kiruna (Sweden)

2011: 7th Ministerial Meeting, Nuuk (Greenland)

2009: 6th Ministerial Meeting, Tromsø (Norway)

2007: 5th Ministerial Meeting, Salekhard (Russia)

IMG 4304Tromsö, Norway, 15-17th of September, 2015

 PAME II 2015 Pre-meetings - Monday September 14                                                  
PAME Shipping expert group: 09:00-17:00
Oil and gas Contact group: Tentative
Data Expert group: Tentative

Shipping Expert Group pre-meeting
The PAME shipping Expert Group pre-meeting session is from 09:00-17:00 and a joint session with the Data Expert Group from 14:00 -15:00 to discuss the new proposed project: “Arctic Shipping Data Service.”

The agenda will be the items under Agenda Item 4 with particular focus on the items marked with **, including the updated draft matrix of follow-up activities and proposals, as well as all of the shipping-related papers submitted by PAME member governments in advance of the meeting.

The co-leads (USA and Canada) will provide more details to the shipping expert group.

Click here to download the shipping expert group meeting agenda.

13:00-16/17:00 (tentative and to be confirmed)
Oil and Gas Contact Group pre-meeting
The PAME Oil and Gas Contact Group pre-meeting session is from 13:00-17:00 and a joint session with the PAME Shipping Expert group from 13:00-14:00 to discuss the “Meaningful Engagement of Arctic Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities in Marine Activities” (MEMA) project.

The main agenda items to be discussed are:
  • The MEMA project
  • Possible responses to the TFOPP for non-emergency prevention (as it may relate to updating the 2009 Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines).
  • Possible implementation actions for the 2015-2025 AMSP.
Further details on discussion points may be provided by the lead (USA) if deemed necessary.

13:00-16/17:00 (tentative and to be confirmed)

PAME Data Expert Group pre-meeting
The PAME Data Expert Group pre-meeting session is from 13:00-17:00 and a joint session with the PAME Shipping Expert group from 14:00-15:00 to discuss progress on the Arctic Shipping Data Service (ASDS) project and potential relevance to other shipping projects on Arctic marine traffic systems.

Information sheet about the project.
Meeting agenda.

Further details on discussion points to be provided by the co-leads (Norway and USA).

 Tuesday September, 15th                                                                                              

 Item 1: Opening of the Meeting 

 Item 2: Introduction and Adoption of the Agenda                                      
PAME II-2015 final agenda with timeline 10 September 2015

 Item 3: 
Information from the Chair and the Secretariat 

Background documents: 

 Item 4: Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment follow-up activities (various leads) 
Draft agenda for the Shipping Expert Group pre-meeting on Monday 14th of September from 09-00-17.00.

4.1. AMSA I(A) – Linking with International Organizations

Background information:
ShipArc 2015 Program

4.2 AMSA I(C) – IMO Measures for Arctic Shipping: collaboration

4.3 AMSA I(B) –Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) Phase III project

Background information:
Development of the Polar Code

Agenda item 4.4 - AMSA I(D): Strengthening Passenger Ship Safety

Background document:
Arctic Marine Tourism – Best Practice Guidelines

Agenda item 4.6 - AMSA II(B): Engagement with Arctic Communities
Documents to be uploaded.

Agenda item 4.7 - AMSA II(D): Specially Designated Arctic Marine Areas

Agenda item 4.8 AMSA II(E) – Protection from Invasive Species
PAME II-2015 submissions:

Agenda item 4.9 AMSA II(G) - Addressing Impacts on Marine Mammals
NAMMCO Information on Disturbance Symposium

Agenda 4.10 AMSA II(H) - Reducing Air Emmissions
Documents to be uploaded

Agenda item 4.11 AMSA III(A) – Addressing the Infrastructure Deficit Agenda 4.12 AMSA III(B): Arctic Marine Traffic Systems
Documents to be uploaded

Agenda item 4.13 AMSA III(D) – Investing in Hydrographic, Meteorological and Oceanographic Data

Agenda item 4: Background documents:

 Item 5: Follow up on the Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines (AOOGG 2009) 
Background documents:
Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines
HSE Report
TFOPP FRamework Plan

reception location

 Wednesday, September 16th                                                                                                                     

 Item 6: Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)  Background documents:
The Framework for a Pan-Arctic Network of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs).
Background for PAME MPA FRamework on Definitions of MPA's and Other Measures

 Item 7: Ecosystem-based Approach to Management 

Agenda 7 - EA Progress Report

Background documents:
Ecosystem Approach Progress Report (April 2015)

Side Event - The Last Ice Area
WWF Global Arctic Programme and the National Geographic Pristine Seas invite all participants in the Arctic Council working group meetings, as well as secretariat staff to a special presentation at the Radisson Blu Hotel from 18:30-20:30 on September 16th.

Guests will be treated to a selection of footage never seen before from the National Geographic Pristine Seas team’s forthcoming film on the Last Ice Area, along with narration from a team member. This will be followed by a brief discussion of the region’s significance from WWF Last Ice Area project lead Clive Tesar. The presentation will start at 19:00. Finger food will be served, and a cash bar will be available.

 Thursday, September 17th                                                                                                                        

 Item 8: Follow-up/implementation of the AMSP 2015-2025 

Agenda 8(a):

Agenda 8(b):

Background documents: 
Arctic Marine Strategic Plan 2015-2025

Item 09: Task force on Arctic Marine Cooperation    
Agenda 9(a) – SAO Report language on TFAMC
Agenda 9(b) - TFAMC Cover Letter Outlining Process
Agenda 9(b) - TFAMC Meeting agenda 21-22 Sep

 Additional information                                                                                                              
PAME 2015-2017 Work Plan
PAME II Hotel information and logistics
PAME list of expert groups and members, 8 Sep 2015
PAME II 2015 List of Documents, version 12 September
List of Participants - Final version

Agenda Item 3 - Reflections and Outcome from the Iqaluit Ministerial Meeting

Agenda Item 4.1 - BarentsWatch presentation
Agenda Item 4.1 - Havbase Presentation
Agenda Item 4.1 - International Ice Charting Working Group Presentation
Agenda Item 4.1 - OSPAR Presentation
Agenda Item 4.3 - Possible Hazards for Engines and Fuel Systems using HFO
Agenda Item 4.5 - Survey of Arctic Indigenous Marine Use
Agenda Item 4.9 - NAMMCO Presentation
Agenda Item 4.9 - Update on Ship Traffic in the High Seas
Agenda Item 4.12 - ASTD Project, background presentation

Agenda Item 5 - MEMA Project
Agenda Item 5(c) - TOPP Matrix from EPPR

Agenda Item 6 - Inventory Mapping of Existing Arctic MPAs

Agenda Item 7 - EA-EG Progress Report

Agenda Item 8 - AMSP implementation

Joint WG Session - ACAP
Joint WG Session - CAFF

Shipping Expert Group - Arctic Shipping to the Republic of Korea