Program, background documents and registration:
- Registration list (8. Jan 2018)
1. Scope and start work on development of guidelines for Ecosystem Approach to management (EA) in the Arctic.
2. Review status of work on developing and doing Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) to develop best practices for Arctic IEA.
Background: The Joint (PAME, AMAP, CAFF, SDWG) Ecosystem Approach expert group (EA-EG) has held 5 workshops in 2011-2015 on various aspects of development of EA to the management of Arctic marine ecosystems. A first International Conference on EA implementation in the Arctic was held in Fairbanks, Alaska, in August 2016.
The Joint EA-EG prepared a report on ‘Status of Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach to Management in the Arctic’ (download here) that was delivered through PAME to Senior Arctic Officials and Ministers. In the Fairbanks Declaration from the Ministerial meeting in May 2016, the ministers reaffirmed the need for an ecosystem approach to management in the Arctic, and encouraged future efforts to develop practical guidelines for implementing an ecosystem approach. The Joint EA-EG has developed a framework with six elements for implementing the EA in the Arctic.
The first element is to identify (geographically) the ecosystem to be managed, and this has been done through delineation of the Arctic marine environment into 18 Large Marine Ecosystems (LMEs-download here). Another key element of the framework is Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA), which is the step where the overall conditions and status of the ecosystem are assessed, including impacts (singular and cumulative) of human activities which take place or are planned in the given ecosystem.Carrying out an IEA is scientifically demanding, but is nevertheless essential for effective EA implementation.
The work at the 6th EA workshop will focus on two related subjects:
- Development of EA guidelines, as requested by the Arctic Council ministers1, and
- share and summarize information and experiences with integrated assessments of ecosystem status as a step toward developing best practices for Arctic IEA, for measuring trends and pressures for coastal and marine areas (which is a follow-up of EBM recommendation 3.5 from Kiruna in 2013).
1 Fairbanks Declaration (2017), paragraph 32: Reaffirm the need for an ecosystem approach to management in the Arctic, welcome the Status of Implementation of the Ecosystem Approach to Management in the Arctic Report, and encourage future efforts to develop practical guidelines for implementing an ecosystem approach.
Session 1: Definitions, concepts and EA framework
- The EA framework and how Arctic Council Working Groups can contribute to EA (Libby Logerwell and Hein Rune Skjoldal)
- Indigenous Knowledge perspective on EA (Raychelle Daniel)
- ICES perspective on Operationalizing EA (Mark Dickey-Collas)
- NPFMC perspective on EA (Bill Tweit, NPFMC)
- No presentations
Session 3A - ICES work and experiences in IEA
- IEA in ICES: approaches and experiences (Mette Mauritzen)
- IEA of the Barents Sea LME – WGIBAR (Elena Eriksen)
- IEA of the Central Arctic Ocean - WGICA (John Bengtson, Hein Rune Skjoldal)
- IEA of the NW Atlantic - WGNARS (Rebecca Shuford)
- IEA in Alaska (joint PDF)
- Eastern Bering Sea (Kirstin Holsman)
- Gulf of Alaska (Jamal Moss)
- IEA in California Current (Chris Harvey)
- Ecosystem Status Reports/ Ecosystem Considerations (Stephani Zador AFSC)
- Traditonal Knowledge and Co-managment (TBC)
- Local and Traditonal Knowledge (Harry Brower)
- Non-market Valuation (Dan Lew, AFSC)
- Human Dimensions (Steve Kasperski, AFSC)
- Risk Assessment (Jameal Samhouri, NWFSC)
Session 3C – Experiences from IEA work in the Arctic Council and other jurisdictional frameworks ￼
- CAFF: Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program (CBMP) and State of the Arctic Marine Biodiversity report (SAMBR) (John Bengtson)
- SDWG: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) project under Finnish Chairmanship ( Hermanni Kaartokallio)
- OSPAR: Intermediate Assessment 2017 (Charlotte Mogensen)
- HELCOM Holistic Assessment II (Hermanni Kaartokallio)
- Interactions between Traditional and Local Knowledge (LTK) and science in conducting IEA (John Noksana Jr.)
- Perspectives and examples of Ecosystem Approach to management from the North Slope Borough (Nicole Kanayurak)
The workshop was one in a MPA workshop series supporting PAME's work on studying best practices for linking area-based conservation measures to categories of Arctic marine biodiversity in support of the long-term conservation of the Arctic marine environment and associated services and cultural values. Key aspects of this collective work within the Arctic Council include ways to build and strengthen networks of MPAs in the context of climate change and ocean acidification, as well as incorporating traditional and local knowledge (TLK).
The aim of the workshop was to take stock of the current scientific understanding (including TLK) and identify important new research questions on MPA networks and how such networks, and other area-based measures, may be used to decrease the negative effects of climate change and ocean acidification and their interactions with other human induced stressors in the Arctic. The workshop also briefly touched on data availability related to these questions.
Outputs of the workshop will be published as:
- meeting report that aims to contribute to the scientific basis for the potential of MPAs to meet the threats posed to Arctic ecosystems and livelihoods, and
- a concise report card for targeted to decision makers and a wider audience.
|Name of presentation||Presenter||Download|
|SYKE - Finnish Environment Institute: Marine Research Center||Paula Kankaanpää||Download|
|How Arctic Marine Protected Area Networks may reduce negative effects of climate change & ocean acidification||Jessica Nilsson||Download|
|Arctic Climate Change||Michael Tjernström||Download|
|Acidification of the Arctic Ocean, the basis for AMAP Arctic Ocean Acidification case studies||Leif G. Anderson||Download|
|CBMP/ CAFF activities Update on work of relevance for PAME MPA work||Tom Christensen||Download|
|Ten-step recipe for creating and managing effective marine protected areas||Mark Carr||Download|
|Climate Change Report Cards - The Marine Climate Change Impacts Partnership Experience and Arctic Possibilities||John Baxter and Dan Laffoley||Download|
|￼Protecting marine areas beneath Antarctic ice shelves: Special Areas for Scientific Study||Susie Grant||Download|
|￼ The Journey towards a Weddell Sea Marine Protected Area||Thomas Brey||Download|
|The Ross Sea Region MPA||George M. Watters||Download|
|Networks, platforms and the winds of change: MPA's and climate change in the Baltic Sea (HELCOM)||HELCOM||Download|
|Barents Sea MMBI Research Cruises||Gennady Matishov||Download|
|Radioactive contamination issues in the Arctic||Nadezhda Kasatkina||Download|
There are many different types of ice charts intended for varying uses. Climatological, or historical, ice charts depict “normal” ice conditions mainly for advance planning of maritime operations. Ice analysis charts show current ice conditions in a given area and are the basic information aimed at enhancing marine safety for mariners in ice-frequented waters. Depending on need and resources, these are generally produced daily or a few times a week. Finally, concise ice information (commonly ice edge and iceberg positions), along with weather information, is provided to mariners worldwide at least daily by the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) for the regions of the Arctic METAREAs XVII-XXI and adjacent areas of METAREAS I, IV and XII. Ice analysis charts are based primarily on satellite imagery received in near real-time at the ice services. Expert ice analysts at the ice services analyze the images, calibrate them with other data such as all-important ship reports, extrapolate to fill gaps in the satellite coverage and make adjustments for time differences between images to prepare the ice analysis charts. To supplement ice analysis charts, some ice services produce forecast ice charts showing the ice conditions expected in a few days. The IICWG is actively promoting the use of POLARIS, a risk assessment tool for Polar mariners, by ensuring that ice charts include the information needed for its application as well as assessing its applicability to the Southern Ocean. The IICWG member services have worked with the Nautical Institute to help define training requirements as well as providing curricula and training materials related to ice navigation.
- The Ice Logistics Portal: Operated by the German Hydrographic Service, this site provides convenient access to current ice charts produced by all of the national ice services as well as background information.
- The Polar View data page: Operated by the British Antarctic Survey, this site provides freely available satellite data and automated ice information products
- IICWG website: Operated by the National Snow and Ice Data Center, this site provides contact information for the national ice services as well as general information about ice information
- JCOMM website: Provides standards and information publications on sea ice.