Chapter 8:

life saving


CHAPTER SUMMARY
Chapter 8 contains requirements that provide for safe escape, evacuation and survival under various operating conditions. Provisions contained in this chapter of the Polar Code will apply to new and existing vessels if such vessels may encounter the conditions the provisions are intended to address. Requirements for partially or totally enclosed lifeboats are higher in the Polar Code than the current SOLAS requirements. This includes having specific requirements in place to assist with escape or evacuation in ice and snow conditions, and requirements for personal survival equipment that provide sufficient frostbite protection. These are clearly set out in the Chapter 8 wording below, and in the Part 1B Additional Guidance.


SUBMISSIONS



CHAPTER 8 –  LIFE-SAVING APPLIANCES AND ARRANGEMENTS:
Full Polar Code text
As adopted from IMO - Full Polar Code text

8.1 Goal

The goal of this chapter is to provide for safe escape, evacuation and survival.

8.2 Functional requirements
In order to achieve the goal set out in paragraph 8.1 above, the following functional requirements are embodied in the regulations of this chapter:
8.2.1 Escape:
  • 8.2.1.1 Exposed escape routes shall remain accessible and safe, taking into consideration the potential icing of structures and snow accumulation.
  • 8.2.1.2 Survival craft and muster and embarkation arrangements shall provide safe abandonment of ship, taking into consideration the possible adverse environmental conditions during an emergency.
8.2.2 Evacuation:
All life-saving appliances and associated equipment shall provide safe evacuation and be functional under the possible adverse environmental conditions during the maximum expected time of rescue.

8.2.3 Survival:
  • 8.2.3.1 Adequate thermal protection shall be provided for all persons on board, taking into account the intended voyage, the anticipated weather conditions (cold and wind), and the potential for immersion in polar water, where applicable.
  • 8.2.3.2 Life-saving appliances and associated equipment shall take account of the potential of operation in long periods of darkness, taking into consideration the intended voyage.
  • 8.2.3.3 Taking into account the presence of any hazards, as identified in the assessment in chapter 1, resources shall be provided to support survival following abandoning ship, whether to the water, to ice or to land, for the maximum expected time of rescue. These resources shall provide:
    • .1 a habitable environment;
    • .2 protection of persons from the effects of cold, wind and sun;
    • .3 space to accommodate persons equipped with thermal protection adequate for the environment;
    • .4 means to provide sustenance;
    • .5 safe access and exit points; and
    • .6 means to communicate with rescue assets.
8.3 Regulations
8.3.1 Escape
In order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraphs 8.2.1.1 and 8.2.1.2 above, the following apply:
  • .1 for ships exposed to ice accretion, means shall be provided to remove or prevent ice and snow accretion from escape routes, muster stations, embarkation areas, survival craft, its launching appliances and access to survival craft;
  • .2 in addition, for ships constructed on or after 1 January 2017, exposed escape routes shall be arranged so as not to hinder passage by persons wearing suitable polar clothing; and
  • .3 in addition, for ships intended to operate in low air temperatures, adequacy of embarkation arrangements shall be assessed, having full regard to any effect of persons wearing additional polar clothing.
8.3.2 Evacuation
In order to comply with the functional requirement of paragraph 8.2.2 above, the following apply:
  • .1 ships shall have means to ensure safe evacuation of persons, including safe deployment of survival equipment, when operating in ice-covered waters, or directly onto the ice, as applicable; and
  • .2 where the regulations of this chapter are achieved by means of adding devices requiring a source of power, this source shall be able to operate independently of the ship's main source of power.
8.3.3 Survival
8.3.3.1 In order to comply with the functional requirement of paragraph 8.2.3.1 above, the following apply:
  • .1 for passenger ships, a proper sized immersion suit or a thermal protective aid shall be provided for each person on board; and
  • .2 where immersion suits are required, they shall be of the insulated type.
8.3.3.2 In addition, for ships intended to operate in extended periods of darkness, in order to comply with the functional requirements of paragraph 8.2.3.2 above, searchlights suitable for continuous use to facilitate identification of ice shall be provided for each lifeboat.

8.3.3.3 In order to comply with the functional requirement of paragraph 8.2.3.3 above, the following apply:
  • .1 no lifeboat shall be of any type other than partially or totally enclosed type;
  • .2 taking into account the assessment referred to in chapter 1, appropriate survival resources, which address both individual (personal survival equipment) and shared (group survival equipment) needs, shall be provided, as follows:
    • .1 life-saving appliances and group survival equipment that provide effective protection against direct wind chill for all persons on board;
    • .2 personal survival equipment in combination with life-saving appliances or group survival equipment that provide sufficient thermal insulation to maintain the core temperature of persons; and
    • .3 personal survival equipment that provide sufficient protection to prevent frostbite of all extremities; and
  • .3 in addition, whenever the assessment required under paragraph 1.5 identifies a potential of abandonment onto ice or land, the following apply:
    • .1 group survival equipment shall be carried, unless an equivalent level of functionality for survival is provided by the ship's normal life-saving appliances;
    • .2 when required, personal and group survival equipment sufficient for 110% of the persons on board shall be stowed in easily accessible locations, as close as practical to the muster or embarkation stations;
    • .3 containers for group survival equipment shall be designed to be easily movable over the ice and be floatable;
    • .4 whenever the assessment identifies the need to carry personal and group survival equipment, means shall be identified of ensuring that this equipment is accessible following abandonment;
    • .5 if carried in addition to persons, in the survival craft, the survival craft and launching appliances shall have sufficient capacity to accommodate the additional equipment;
    • .6 passengers shall be instructed in the use of the personal survival equipment and the action to take in an emergency; and
    • .7 the crew shall be trained in the use of the personal survival equipment and group survival equipment.
8.3.3.4 In order to comply with the functional requirement of paragraph 8.2.3.3.4 above, adequate emergency rations shall be provided, for the maximum expected time of rescue.


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