Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Documents

Arctic Council Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines report (2009)


Arctic Guidelines 2009 13th Mar2009Purpose of the Guidelines

These Guidelines are intended to be of use to the Arctic nations for offshore oil and gas activities during planning, exploration, development, production and decommissioning to help secure common policy and practices.

The Guidelines are intended to define a set of recommended practices and outline strategic actions for consideration by those responsible for regulation of offshore oil and gas activities (including transportation and related onshore activities) in the Arctic. The goal is to assist regulators in developing standards, which are applied and enforced consistently for all offshore Arctic oil and gas operators.

While recognizing the nonbinding nature of these Guidelines, they are intended to encourage the highest standards currently available. They are not intended to prevent States from setting equivalent or stricter standards, where appropriate.


Download English version (PDF)


Guidelines for Transfer of Refined Oil and Oil Products in Arctic Waters (TROOPS) - November 2002



Arctic Council - Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines - October 2002



Circumpolar Marine Workshop November 28 - December 2 - 1999, Report and Recommendations





Joint Russian-United States-Norwegian Arctic (RUNARC) Project: Safety and Environmental Regime for Russian Offshore Oil and Gas Operations


RUNARCfeasibility-ENFeasibility Study Report 1998


The RUNARC project was started in February 1997 and produced a Feasibility Study in 1998 whose goal was to analyze, incorporate and make additions to the existing legislative, normative-juridical acts, normative-technical documents, and help to introduce into practice the modern forms of oil- and gas-producing operations on the shelf, and to determine the probability of success of development and implementation of the safety and environmental protection regime that would satisfy the needs of Russia, taking into account international standards, including technical regulations and standards of USA and Norway, as well as acceptance of actions for obtaining the consent of the Russian Government to implement recommendations of the project.

The FS includes the following tasks:

  • definition of desirable goals;
  • analysis and preliminary assessment of the existing legislative, normative-juridical base providing environmental and industrial safety, labor protection during works on continental shelf;
  • working out proposals on preparation of additions and amendments, as well as new legislative acts, normative documents, technical regulations, state (branch) standards defining safety of works on shelf.
 


Click to open RUNARC Feasibility Study, Moscow 1998



Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines - 1997


oilandgasguidelines

Download English version (PDF)

 

Environmental impact assessment information from Arctic states

 Canada EIA links

 Norway EIA links

 Greenland EIA links

 USA EIA links

MPA Network Workshop - February 2017

shutterstock 211957870PAME's workshop - "Understanding MPA Networks as Tools for Resilience in a Changing Arctic," took place in Copenhagen, Denmark from 2-3 February 2017. The workshop is one in a series for which the purpose is to support a PAME project studying best practices for linking area-based conservation measures to categories of Arctic marine biodiversity in support of the long-term conservation of the Arctic marine environment and associated services and cultural values.

The workshop included:
  1. a continuation of the discussion from the 1st workshop (held in September 2016) on approaches for understanding and managing spatial variability of ecological connectivity affected by anticipated climate change, as well as how MPA networks can help build resilience to climate change;
  2. presentations and dialogue on what design elements are important to consider and include when developing MPA networks in a changing climate; and
  3. the development of additional guidance that will be used to expand and refine the “MPA Toolkit.”

Project Description
PAME’s Framework for a Pan-Arctic Marine Protected Areas Network document recognizes that individual Arctic countries pursue MPA development based on their own authorities and priorities, and that MPA networks can be comprised of "both MPAs and other area-based measures that contribute to network objectives”.

PAME’s “toolbox” project aims to develop guidance to assist countries in advancing MPA networks in the Arctic. The project will produce this guidance in the form of a catalogue of examples of diverse existing area-based measures, including different types of marine protected areas and of “other area-based conservation measures” that contribute to the long-term conservation of important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g. important species and habitats).

IMG 2587Over the course of the 2015-2017 work cycle, project leads hosted two workshops. While the first workshop focused on toolbox development by identifying and mapping types of connectivity in the Arctic, the second focused on connectivity and climate change. The toolbox is intended to be a living document that will be expanded and refined over time.

Workshop Objectives
  • Develop our understanding of ecological resilience and how MPA networks can help support it.
  • Develop our understanding and principles to guide management of MPAs and MPA networks to enhance ecological resilience in a changing environment.
  • Develop our understanding of key elements for designing MPA networks that support ecological resilience in a changing environment.
  • Identify priorities for future scientific and/or other collaboration to apply knowledge and guidance to MPA network design.
  • Identify potential next steps to advance understanding of how MPA network design and management can support ecological resilience to a changing environment.

Name of presentation Presenter Download
Resilience – an introduction Martin Sommerkorn (WWF Arctic Programme)  Download
Overview of Impacts of a Physical constrains of productivity in the Arctic Ocean: Changing Environment on the trajectories into the future? Biodiversity Paul Wassmann (UiT - The Arctic University of Norway)  Download
MPAs and Networks as tools for resilience  Dan Laffoley (IUCN)  Download
Ecological Connectivity and Resilience: Implication for Marine Protected Areas Mark H. Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Download
Resilience through an MPA Network: A Hawaii Case Study Todd Stevenson (Circumpolar Conservation Union)  Download
PAME’s MPA network toolbox through a resilience lens Martin Sommerkorn (WWF Arctic Programme)  Download
Valuable and vulnerable areas: the case of the Barents Sea Cecilie H. von. Quillfeldt (Norwegian Polar Institute)  Download
Working Toward Resilient Marine Protected Area Networks In the US Arctic Lauren Wenzel (National Marine Protected Areas Center)  Download
MPAs and MPA Networks for Resilience - Canadian Case Studies and Opportunities Nadine Templeman (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)  Download
Designing network of MPA in the Russian Arctic to support ecosystem resilience. Irina Onufrenya (WWF Russia)  Download
Resilience and Connectivity Values of MPAs: Planning for Top Trophic Marine Animal Conservation in the Barents Region and Beyond Kit Kovacs (Norway) Download
Guidelines for Designing MPA Networks to Promote Resilience of Arctic Marine Ecosystems in a Changing Climate Lisa Speer (Natural Resource Defense Council) Download
Building Resilient MPA Networks – Summary of Commission for Environmental Cooperation Reports Dr. Ellen Kenchington (Canada Bedford Institute of Oceanography Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada) Download
Ecosystem Resilience
What is it and how can we measure it?
Benjamin Planque (Institute of Marine Research - Norway)  Download
Modeling Tools for Designing for Resilience – Connectivity Under Changed Conditions Patrick Halpin (Duke University)  Download

IMG 4889 IMG 4892 IMG 4895

Arctic Ship Traffic Data

shutterstock 213023194The Arctic Ship Traffic Data (ASTD) project is an initiative from PAME to collect historical information about shipping activity in the Arctic. The project will collect historical information on shipping activity in the Arctic from the Arctic Council member states for trend analysis and related purposes under the realm of the Arctic Council.

The ASTD project will allow the Arctic Council member governments and the Arctic Council as a whole, to facilitate trend analysis on ship traffic in the Arctic, including the number of ships in the Arctic, types of ships, exact routes and other related and relevant information. The trends can be used for the council members Arctic affairs.

Products will benefit a wide-range of audiences, as the data repository will allow for the production of graphics, maps and tables of ship traffic information to be used in reports/analyses and other initiatives. This project is a significant step by PAME to reduce the knowledge gap of circumpolar ship traffic in the Arctic as its member governments have been actively looking for ways to increase vessel traffic awareness since 2011.

With changes in the Arctic sea ice extent and projected changes and increase in shipping in the Arctic, the database will allow the Arctic Council to be at the forefront of monitoring trends and assessing any changes for use in its studies, assessments, trend analyses, and the development of recommendations that enhance Arctic marine safety and support protection of Arctic people and the environment.

The project is based on the database developed in 2005 for the release of the Arctic Marine Shipping Assessment Report (AMSA 2009). It is therefore an initiative derived from the AMSA 2009 Report and builds on similar principles, but will be applying a more advanced technology for data collection and presentation.

This project has the same goal, but will look to secure sustainability by collecting and providing ongoing historical shipping data, rather than collecting information for a given year like the 2005 AMSA database did. The Arctic Ship Traffic Data (ASTD) project will use the same geographical scope as its predecessor where each Arctic member government defined its own Arctic waters.

See a video about the project:



shutterstock 214744963The project will develop a comprehensive shipping database which has the capability to collect and display detailed statistics on various aspects of shipping in the Arctic and has the capability to incorporate additional features as may be needed in the future. That includes datasets on biodiversity in the Arctic and environmental data.

The Norwegian Coastal Administration will host and oversee this database within their current platform of their marine database - Havbase. This new shipping database will be compatibility with others systems such as the Arctic SDI platform and the Arctic biodiversity data service.

The Shipping Database will help the Arctic Council grasp the unprecedented changes in Arctic Shipping realized over the last decade. It will furthermore give the Arctic Council and its subsidiary bodies a unique opportunity to utilize reliable shipping-related data layers from the eight member states in for example scientific assessments, monitoring, research projects, policy-related work, outreach, communication and teaching.

The aim is that this databased by fully running in 2018.

Below is a video demonstrating the capabilities of the Havbase system:



See also:

Havbase.no

The Arctic Marine Shipping Best Practices Information Forum

shutterstock 49594732The establishment of the Arctic Marine Shipping Best Practices Information Forum is in response to the newly adopted International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (Polar Code) by the International Maritime Organization (IMO).

The aim of the Forum is to raise awareness of its provisions amongst all those involved in or potentially affected by Arctic marine operations and to facilitate the exchange of information and best practices between the Forum members on specific shipping topics, including but not limited to; hydrography, search and rescue logistics, industry guidelines and ship equipment, systems and structure. A publicly accessible web-portal will be created with information specific to each topic.

The Forum membership is open to Arctic States, Permanent Participants and Arctic Council Observers as well as any widely-recognized professional organization dedicated to improving safe and environmentally sound marine operations in the Arctic as demonstrated by expertise and experience in Arctic shipping and/or related issues.

The Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment (PAME) Working Group of the Arctic Council approved the Forum's Terms of Reference at their last meeting (February 2017).

 
Topics

hydrography    meteorology    icedata    crewtraining
sar  
communication 
 
industryguidelines 
 
traditionalknowledge 
ecologicalknowledge  
operationalunderstanding 
 
shipsystems 
   

IMO in the polar environment: the Polar Code explained

MPA Network Workshop - September 2016

shutterstock 203526946PAME's workshop - “Science and Tools for Developing Arctic Marine Protected Area (MPA) Networks: Understanding Connectivity and Identifying Management Models,” took place in Washington, DC from 22-23 September 2016.  The workshop is one in a series whose purpose is to support a PAME project studying best practices for linking area-based conservation measures to categories of Arctic marine biodiversity in support of the long-term conservation of the Arctic marine environment and associated services and cultural values.

The workshop included:
i) a discussion on species that highlight the importance of ecological connectivity in the Arctic marine environment, as well as possible approaches and methodologies for mapping selected elements of ecological connectivity for some of those species, and
ii)  a discussion on a draft list of types of area-based conservation measures that benefit different categories of Arctic biodiversity (i.e. the "toolbox").

IMG 0507Project Description
PAME’s Framework for a Pan-Arctic Marine Protected Areas Network document recognizes that individual Arctic countries pursue MPA development based on their own authorities and priorities, and that MPA networks can be comprised of "both MPAs and other area-based measures that contribute to network objectives”.

PAME’s “toolbox” project aims to develop guidance to assist countries in advancing MPA networks in the Arctic. The project will produce this guidance in the form of a catalogue of examples of diverse existing area-based measures, including different types of marine protected areas and of “other area-based conservation measures” that contribute to the long-term conservation of important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity (e.g. important species and habitats).

Over the course of the 2015-2017 work cycle, project leads are hosting two workshops. While the first workshop focused on toolbox development by identifying and mapping types of connectivity in the Arctic, the second will focus on connectivity and climate change. The toolbox is intended to be a living document that is built on and refined over time.


Workshop objectives:
  1. Develop our understanding of ecological connectivity for different marine taxa.
  2. Identify priorities for future scientific or other types of collaboration to enhance understanding of ecological connectivity in the Arctic.
  3. Based on input provided by Arctic States, share examples of different management tools used to manage categories of marine biodiversity (e.g. habitat, marine taxa).
  4. Identify priorities for expansion/refinement of “MPA Toolbox” to support Arctic states’ MPA network development.
  5. Identify potential next steps to advance understanding and management of MPA networks among Arctic Council Working Groups and other partners.

Name of presentation Presenter    Download   
Ecological connectivity --- Overview of techniques that have been used to map larval dispersal and its relevance to MPA design: modelling (optimal size and spacing), direct observation of larval dispersal, genetic measures of connectivity/isolation, considerations of climate change Mark Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Download
Physical connectivity – Issues and possible approaches to mapping physical and habitat connectivity in the Arctic. Overview of dynamics of water masses and ice movement Pat Halpin and Jesse Cleary (Duke University) Download 
Case study – Sweden’s experience mapping larval connectivity for MPA networks Jon Havenhand (University of Gothenburg)  Download
Approaches and considerations for understanding connectivity for marine mammals using various techniques Howard Rosenbaum (Wildlife Conservation Society)  Download
Mapping connectivity for cetaceans in the Alaskan Arctic – CetMap Janet Clarke (Leidos)  Download
Local community engagement in mapping and understanding marine mammal connectivity Willie Goodwin (Alaska Waterways Safety Commission)  Download
Overview of techniques: satellite telemetry, habitat modeling, others?, in the context of Important Bird Areas Grant Gilchrist (Environment Canada)  Download
Identifying Important Bird Areas and seabird connectivity in the Alaskan Arctic Melanie Smith (Alaska Audubon)  Download
Case study: Identifying candidate sites for an MPA network in the Russian Arctic: accounting for connectivity Irina Onufrenya (WWF Russia)  Download
The role of protected areas and other area---based conservation measures for marine conservation Dan Laffoley (IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas --- Marine)  Download
Elements of a representative and ecologically connected MPA network Mark Carr (University of California, Santa Cruz)  Download
Understanding categories of Arctic biodiversity to be addressed by the MPA Toolkit (e.g. habitat, species groups) Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)  Download
Canada’s Approach to Marine Conservation Targets Bethany Schroeder (Fisheries and Oceans Canada)  Download
Arctic biodiversity monitoring: linkages to area---based conservation measures Tom Christensen (Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Programme)  Download
Pikialasorsuaq Commission Carolina Behe (Inuit Circumpolar Council)  Download
Examples of Arctic MPAs and “Other area---based conservation measures” in the marine environment (based on submissions by Arctic States to PAME) Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)  Download
Integration of Indigenous Knowledge and Values in the MPA Toolbox Willie Goodwin (Alaska Waterways Safety Commission)  Download
Towards a toolbox: deploying MPAs and other area---based measures to conserve important categories of Arctic marine biodiversity Martin Sommerkorn (WWF)  Download